Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin 'Paulus'

image
12 November 2013

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'.

Details

Pointe de la Garde Guerin is a point of rock sticking out into the sea to the west of St Malo, Brittany's north coast. A fortified hill built originally by the French on the Maginot line principal but the war arrived and the building work was taken over by the Todt Organization.

image

1877 – 1932) was a French civil servant, soldier, and Member of Parliament. He is best known for his advocacy for the string of forts that would be known as the Maginot Line[Wiki]. 

image

Maginot fort in the Alsace in 1940.

image

Block 14 at Ouvrage Hochwald in 1940 on the Maginot Line.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Google Maps

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'.

Details

 

image

View from the car park.

image

The view driving east.

image

Maginot soldiers.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

StP Paulus
Ra145
1 x R120a.
1 x R634 + Pakstand.
1 x R501.
2 x R611/SK.
1 x R676.
1 x Search light.
2 x Vf58c Tobruk's.
2 x 7.5cm F.K.(H).
1 x 4.7cm Pak112(f).
Kavernes. (tunnels).

image

 

image

R120a on the top.

Plan.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' .

Details

A lovely plan cut into stone.
A - 400m of galleries.
B - Entrance for personnel & vehicles.
C - Casemates.
D - Fire control post.
E - Observation post.
F - Search light.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

View from Dinard Golf Course. A large lump of Granite.

image

Another lump of Granite.

image

 

image

 

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

The original entrance.
A post war photo taken just before the metal work was removed.

image

Closer look at the entrance.

image

Another view.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

internet

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'.

Details

We entered via the R676 as the door was wide open and walked to the centre. Then turning right and down to what was the original entrance. From there we walked back to the centre and out to the first R611, then the centre section with ladder to the R120 that is on the top of the hill. On to the last R611 and the barrack rooms. Then the observation post and the search light and then retracing our steps out.

image

H676 small casemate for a 4.7cm Festungspak.

image

Close combat embrasure..

image

 

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'.

Details

The path to the R676, its quite dangerous so be warned.

image

French military removing a live shell from inside.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'.

Details

R676 4.7cm Pak112(f) gun looking at of the gun room

image

How it may have looked inside.

image

Fortress Pak gun.

image

R676 casemate.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R676

Details

R676 4.7cm Pak112(f) gun. Ammunition storage in the left hand slot. Door into the tunnel.

image

Plan of the embrasure..

image

How the front embrasure would have looked.

image

A heavy steel plate could be drawn up over the gun to cover it.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R676

Details

Inside the casemate looking out at the view and where the gun had to cover.

image

Plan.

image
image

 

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R676

Details

A 4.7cm gun and a co axle 7.92 machine gun.

image

4.7cm Pak room.

image

In front or the gun was a steel sliding door that by turning the handle the door would wind down to open.

image

The door winding down.

image

The door wound down.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R676 .

Details

This is the empty shell case pit. When the gun fired, the case came out of the breach and down a tube into this pit. At the end of the battle one of the gunners would climb down and retrieve the cases and send them back for re cycling.

image

Case.

image

Shell.

image

An empty gun room.

 

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R676

Details

Looking inside the casemate at the gun room. The slot on the left is where ready ammunition was stored. The door to the tunnels ( souterrain).

image

 

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' The tunnel.

Details

The main tunnel was hewn out of the rock but where it met the casemate it was concreted.

image

Plan.

image

 

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' Tunnel.

Details

Looking back at the casemate.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'.

Details

The tunnel running on to the centre.

image

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'.

Details

In the middle the tunnel starts to be concreted. Some additional details will go here

image

Plan.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'.

Details

A small anti-room. Its been smashed about.

image

Plan.

image

 

image

Plan.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'.

Details

Where the tunnel meets the entrance defence. On the left an R501 adjusted to fit.

image

On the left is the R501casemaate.

image

Plan of the R501.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'.

Details

Close combat embrasure. Inside the adjusted R501.

image

Plan.

image

Plan of a close combat embrasure.

image

How it may have been used.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

This is the entrance from above. There is a lot of damage here.

image

Plan.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R634 & Pak garage.

Details

Ra Bw453. The earth piled up is the western entrance now filled in. Left is the R634, next the entrance between into the Pak garage and then the Pak garage. 
The main entrance where lorries could drive through and out the other side, this is how big it is. Very much alike the ''Guns of Navarone''.

image

This is the close combat embrasure under the canopy in the main picture.

image

Plan.

image

''Guns of Navarone''.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Pak garage..

image

Plan

image

A 4cm Pak gun outside its garage.

image

How it may have been used.

image

Plan of a Pak garage..

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R634

Details

R634 six embrasured turret bunker. Crew room.

image

 

image

Crew room at night.

image

Crew room daytime.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R634

Details

R634 six embrasured turret bunker. Crew room.

image

Building a six embrasured bunker.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R634

Details

R634 six embrasure turret bunker. Door to the turret.
The turret has been removed and back filled in with earth.

image

Ventilation room.

image

40P8 type dome may have been here.

image

Inside a dome.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R634

Details

R634 six embrasure turret bunker. Small close combat room.
This is the close combat defence covering the entrances.

image

Plan.

image

Close combat room covering the entrance.

image

How the close combat may have looked.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Heading back into the tunnels.

image

The red arrow shows the position.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Passing through a cloud layer, very spookie. The tunnel rises towards the middle of the hill and then drops down to each position and you pass through a cloud layer a few times.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

The start of the first casemate.
A mix of hewn stone and finished concrete.

image

Plan.

image

 

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

The tunnel down to the Tobruk's.

image

Plan of the tunnel to the Tobruk's.

image

Plan.

image

Cutting through the rock.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Strengthened section with a 434po1 door.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' 434po1 door

Details

The door is now just open and I could not squeeze through but I did manage this photo (next page). This is a double door so that if one is blocked the other will open with a window and a shutter to close off the window. Bolts to lock off the door and large rings to be used as handles.

image

434po1 door.

image

Door in one side.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

This would have taken you on to the two Tobruk's Now its blocked and the Tobruk's covered over.

image

Door in one side.

image

Door in one side.

image

Plan of a Tobruk.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R611

Details

Just the front section of an R611 plan was used possibly without the two small ammunition niches.

image

R611 casemate.

image

Here they have used the front section of an R611.

image

Plan of the casemate, tunnels & the double Tobruk.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R611

Details

Rear of the casemate with the tunnel coming in. The guns were 7.5cm F.K.243(h).

image

7.5cm F.K.243(h) They were captured Hungarian guns..

image

How it may have looked inside.

image

Plan.

 

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Looking into casemate and the embrasure where the gun would have fired through. The floor has been removed, it was a store for fired shell cases and somebody has spent a long time digging it out.

image

 

image

 

image

Spent cartridge space under the casemate floor.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

The view the guns would have had.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Roof ventilation.
Set into the roof beams are vents to suck out the fowl air when the gun fires.

image

R669 extraction.

image

Bunker extractor fan.

image

External vent.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R611

Details

R611 the front view today.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

The two casemates set into the hill.

image

Plan.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

A picture of the casemates before the undergrowth had grown up. There is an odd feature on the side of the casemates they have a square almost Tobruk shaped box attached??

image

Plan.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

IGNF 1947

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

The view from above.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Back into the tunnels to the centre. There are several caverns built into the sides of the tunnel that were used as crew quarters, storage, etc. They had an entrance off the tunnel and also a small close combat window to defend each entrance.

image

Each one has a small embrasure like this one.

image

Plan.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Entrance into this brick barracks room for about 17men.

image

Image Caption

image

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'.

Details

17 man vaulted barracks. Some of these could pre date 1942 and be a French.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'image

09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

17 man vaulted barracks. Another vault notice Mike entering the small close combat room defending the vault.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

The centre section with access to the R120 on the top of the hill.

image

R120 Artillery observation post..

image

R120 sitting on the top of the hill.

image

An R120 at ground level.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Looking up to the access to the R120 on the top. There would have been a ladder running right up to the top and its a long way up there.

image

R120 sitting on the top of the hill.

image

R120 plan. The red dot is the dome where a 360deg view through 4 small holes and a periscope in the middle. next a chart room, crew,commander,store, close combat & ammunition.

image

Inside an observation turret.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
24 July 2015

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' R120

Details

The R120 on the top.
R120 artillery observation post with a dome and inside the dome a periscope.

image

21P7the type of dome that may have been used here, a periscope came up through the the middle.

image

Periscope.

image

The view today.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' water reservoir.

Details

Here are two water tanks each side of the access.

image

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Looking into one of the tanks. Water was always a problem in any army, its surprising how much a platoon of infantry can use. I believe there is also a large rectangular water tank on the east side.

image

The outside water tank.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Continuing on.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Another cavern that has not been finished.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Strengthened tunnel. This may have had doors on it. There is a frame and hinges set into it.

image

Plan.

image

It may have had doors across like these 494P2.

image

R699 door frame.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

The rear of the second R611 casemate.

image

R611 plan here.

image

10.5cm case and shot.

image

Cordite powder bags used to increase the power of the gun.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' second R611

Details

Looking at the bricked up embrasure. On the far side is the large round hole for the extractor vet and the fan would have fitted onto it. The slot is for fired shell cases to be dropped down into the spent case store under the gun room.

image

R611 gun room.

image

Spent case store under gun room.

image

10.5cm boxed ammunition.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

During the battle for the hill the Americans fired heavy artillery at these guns, most hitting the hill or the concrete around them. One actually came in through the embrasure and exploded amongst the ammunition stored at the rear of the gun. There should have been steel doors closing the rear of the casemate off from the tunnels. But when firing the gun, these should be kept open to allow blast from the gun firing to dissipate. As these doors were open the blast from the exploding shell and ammunition went right through the tunnels. I believe this is why they capitulated.

image

Plan.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
August 1944

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

The American advance in August 1944.

image

Sherman's advancing..

image

18 August 1944.

image

 

 

 

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Heading for the Observation Post at the point of the Pointe.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Continuing on.

image

Plan.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

A half door used here. I think its the top half of a 343P01 type steel door. Either the engineers got their calculations wrong or it was designed to be like this??

image

343P01 type steel door.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Inside the Observation Post. Now the viewing slit has been almost sealed up.

image

Plan.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Observation Post.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
24 July 2015

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Observation Post.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

The next exit is for a search light.

image

Plan.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Rear door for the searchlight.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

The view from the sealed door. The view from the sealed door to where the railway tracks that would have carried the searchlight in and out of its store. There a Tobruk on each side as protection against attack.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

The view down. The two Tobruk's show up well and you can see the railway lines.

image

1947 picture.

image

Search light.

image

Search light.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
09 October 2006

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

Details

Heading out and meeting the Adder again. When we came in we had no idea there was an Adder snake living in the gun room floor. It was not until we left that we saw it. Also we saw NO Bats in the whole system.

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus'

image
1944

Information

Ra145 Pointe de la Garde Guerin StP 'Paulus' .

Details

Important visitors to St Malo 1944.
Left to Right: Lt. Diestel, an unknown, Gen.Ob Dollmann, Gen der Fallschr.Tr Kurt Student, behind, two unknowns. [Thank you to Renaud Blaise].