Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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5. Kp (Hauptmann Rudolf Gruter - CP: (Saint-Aubin/Bernières-sur-Mer)
1 x Nr.1694 ringstand.
1 x U type Ringstand for a Pz.T. FT-M.G.311(f).
2 x VF.69 ringstands.
17 x Feldm.
1 x Pakstand.
4 x Lc.116 ringstands.
1 x MG. Stand.
1 x Gr. W ringstand.
1 x 5cm Pak 38.
1 x 5cm KwK L/60.
3 x 8.14cm Gr.W.278(f) mortar.


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8.14cm Gr.W.278(f) mortar.

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5cm KwK Nr1694 ringstand.

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U type Ringstand for a Pz.T. FT-M.G.311(f).

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Lc.116 ringstand.

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5cm Pak 38.

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Feldm.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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All the Wn defences along this coast.

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Plan

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Plan showing a front row of defence positions backed by two and three strands of barbed wire and covering the rear three mortars and a long anti-tank ditch..

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Barbed wire defence.

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Anti-tank ditch here.

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Three mortars.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Possibly the first house liberated by the Canadian army.

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Details2

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House.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Plan of minefields and defences.

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Mf.58 and Mf.57 the two minefields to left and right of Wn28. .

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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DEFE 2-430 - Prof Bernal´s report - photographs

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Beach defences

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A very good picture of the existing beach defences around Bernières.

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Sells on a post.

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Czech Hedgehogs.

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Mine fields..

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Lc.116 Tobruk

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Walking in a clockwise direction, this is the first bunker an Lc.116 Tobruk, now only half its original size.

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Lc.116 Tobruk

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M.G.08.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Lc.116 Tobruk

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You can see the way the rear half has been removed.

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An M.G.08 machine gun.

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M.G.08 machine gun firing down the beach.


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M.G.08 machine gun.

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Protection added to the seaward side and it could only fire down one side of the beach.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Lc.116 Tobruk

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Queens Own.

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Here on 6th, June 1944
Landed The Queens Own Rifles Of Canada.

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The Queens Own Rifles
Of Canada landing.

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The landing.

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The medals.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Lc.116 Tobruk

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The view down the beach where it fired.

Wn28 Bernieres-sur-Mer

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Lc.116 Tobruk

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I think this is the same Lc.116 just after the landings with Canadian Infantry sheltering under the sea wall and an aluminium ladder used to clime the sea wall.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Post Card

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Lc.116 Tobruk

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How it looked post war before the rear was removed to make the promenade larger.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Lc.115 Tobruk

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Picture taken from the 5cm gun position.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Nr.1694 ringstand

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This was an open ringstand that as the war progressed and the threat of a landing became reality extra cover was needed from the sea and a wall was built and a cap put over the top. This gun survived the landings and was removed later.

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Nr.1694 ringstand

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Elevation view of this style of emplacement.

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Details2

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Nr.1694 ringstand

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The gun looks as though it was captured and not destroyed. The machine guns hit the Canadians as they landed, belt fed MG.09´s, MG.34´s,MG.42´s, 8.14cm mortars, a 5cm KwK Pak and 5cm Pak A/T gun that I believe took out six Sherman’s.

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Plan.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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11 November 2016

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Nr.1694 ringstand

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Looking into the ringstand. Quite a strong front wall and smaller cap over the top holding a 5cm KwK gun.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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11 November 2016

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Nr.1694 ringstand

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Camouflage on the concrete lip.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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DEFE 2-430 - Prof Bernal's report - photographs

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Nr.1694 ringstand

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Camouflage, steel supports and boxes filled with sand to help add protection but I am not sure if the gun can traverse or not??

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5cm KwK L/60 gun.

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5cm KwK L/60 gun.

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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11 November 2016

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Nr.1694 ringstand

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The front wall does not look too damaged.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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11 November 2016

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Nr.1694 ringstand

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Ringstand base where the gun fitted in and ammunition niches around the outside.

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The guns mounting, then the guns body would fit on the top.

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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11 November 2016

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Nr.1694 ringstand

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Nr1694 open emplacement which is the base of this emplacement and then the wall and lid is built over it.

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St Aubin-sur-Mer.

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Ammunition boxes may have fitted nicely inside the niches.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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DEFE 2-430 - Prof Bernal's report - photographs

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Nr.1694 ringstand

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A group of army intelligence experts visited the beaches and photographed what they felt was important.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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DEFE 2-430 - Prof Bernal's report - photographs

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Command post/Guard post

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This has been completely removed but was between the Nr.1694 ringstand and the Lc.116 Tobruk.
A table removed from a house also bottles.

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Plan.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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DEFE 2-430 - Prof Bernal's report - photographs

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer command post/Guard post

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A table removed from a house also bottles and looking closer a few pistols, a sub-machine gun and a field telephone.

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MP-38/MP-40
Calibre: 9x19mm
Weight: 4,03 kg empty
Length: 833 mm
Rate of fire: 500 RPM Magazine capacity: 32 rounds

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Luger.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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11 November 2016

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Lc.116 Tobruk

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This Lc.116 Tobruk was slightly modified to make the crew room bigger.

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Lc.116 Tobruk.

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Lc.116 modified.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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11 November 2016

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Lc.116 Tobruk

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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DEFE 2-430 - Prof Bernal's report - photographs

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Not a very good picture later on with the Modified Tobruk and the guard post.

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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DEFE 2-430 - Prof Bernal's report - photographs

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Wn28 Bernieres-sur-Mer heavy machine gun position

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Probably an M.G.34 on a heavy tripod.

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MG.34.

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MG.34.

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Plan.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer U shaped ringstand

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An FT turret with an M.G.311F machine gun.

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FT turret.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer U shaped ringstand

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FT turret.

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FT turret.

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Reibel MG.311.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer U shaped ringstand

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One of the threads to hold down the turret mounting.

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This U shaped ringstand still gas its turret ring bolted on.

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A U shaped ringstand.


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Plan.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer U shaped ringstand

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer 5cm Pak 38

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Here was a field bunker made from logs to protect a 5cm Pak 38 anti-tank gun.

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5cm Pak 38.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017 DEFE 2-430 - Prof Bernal's report - photographs

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer 5cm Pak 38

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How it may have looked.

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5cm Pak 38.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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DEFE 2-430 - Prof Bernal's report - photographs

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer 5cm Pak 38

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5cm Pak.

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Plan.

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Plan.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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DEFE 2-430 - Prof Bernal's report - photographs

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer 5cm Pak 38

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5cm Pak

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Voie du Débarquement

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This would have been blocked off and barbed wired in.

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Plan

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Rue Victor Tesnière

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To the left of the bus you can see a prominent house, this I believe was here in WW2 and behind it were

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Plan.

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Plan.

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There were two Vf.69 mortar ringstands well able to hit targets out to sea and on the beach and also a all round defence.

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3 x 8.14cm Gr.W.278(f) mortars.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Rue Victor Tesnière

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The house with the mortars behind. I did try and find them.

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Mortar ringstand.

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8.14cm Gr.W.278(f).

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81mm mortar bombs.

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Plan.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Rue Queen´s Own Riffle of Canada

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Behind was an anti-tank ditch.

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The anti-tank ditch at Courseulles.

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Plan.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Google

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Lc.116 ringstands

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The last Lc.116 ringstand I completely missed it behind the bicycle. Getting old.

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Lc.116 ringstand.

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Plan.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Rue Queen´s Own Riffle of Canada

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In this patch of land were two Unterstands of some type, probably small concrete bunkers of no determined design to hold about six men or ammunition.

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Plan

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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And back to the house again.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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June 1944

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Coming off the beach.

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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17 June 2017

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Sea wall.

Wn28 Bernieres-sur-Mer

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Bigot

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Bigot map

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The problem here was that Les Iles De Bernieres a shallow area of water that meant that the landing time had to be slightly adjusted to allow the ships to sail over the reef.

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Plan

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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The Canadian Beaches.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer Sea Wall

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Queen's Own Rifles in the centre at Bernières (Nan White beach) near Bernières at 8:05. The enemy fortifications on the 'Nan White' sector had been barely dented by the preliminary bombardment. The DD tanks were supposed to 'swim' in ahead of the infantry to diminish German resistance but were forced by high waves to land after them. When the QOR regiment stormed the beaches, they received the worst battering of any Canadian unit on D-Day. ‘A’ Company landed to the west of Bernières. Charlie Martin, Company Sergeant-Major, ‘A’ Company described the landing in his book Battle Diary: "As we moved farther from the mother ship and closer to shore, it came as a shock to realize that the assault fleet was disappearing from view. Suddenly there was just us and an awful lot of ocean, or English Channel if you prefer. All that remained within sight was our own fleet of ten assault craft, moving abreast in the early-morning silence in a gradually extending line facing the shore, the ‘A’ Company boats on the right and the B Company boats on the left. "The moment the ramp came down, heavy machine-gun fire broke out from somewhere back of the seawall. Mortars were dropping all over the beach. The men rose, starboard line turning right, port turning left. I said to Jack, across from me, and to everyone:" "Move! Fast! Don't stop for anything. Go! Go! Go!" We raced down the ramp, Jack and I side by side, the men closely following. We fanned out as fast as we could, heading for that sea wall. None of us really grasped at that point, spread across such a large beach front, just how thin on the ground we were. Each of the ten boatloads had become an independent fighting unit." "Our part of the beach was clear but there were mines buried in the sand. On the dead run you just chose the path that looked best. Bert Shepard, Bill Bettridge and I were running at top speed and firing from the hip. To our left we spotted a small gap in the wall. They had placed a belt-fed machine gun there as part of the defence and only one man was on it. We knew from our training that you cannot be on the move and fire accurately at the same time. If you stop you become a target. In any case, Bill did stop for a split second. He took his aim and that seemed to be the bullet that took the gunner out, although Bert and I were firing too. We got to the wall and over it, then raced across the railway line."

‘A’ Company was hit by heavy machine gun fire and heavy mortar fire. They got off the beach quickly and began clearing the town of Bernières.

'B' Company landed 250 yards east of its objective, directly in front of an enemy pill-box which inflicted 65 casualties within the first minutes. The assault depended on the resolve and courage of the remaining men to race across the beach to the seawall with no cover in between.

Doug Hester, ‘B’ Company: "Then we saw the five pillboxes on top of the sea-wall. These were our first objective. About 500 yards out, they had us in their sites of their small arms and began shooting. When the craft got into shallower water, the Royal Marines lowered the door. The three in front of me including Doug Reed were hit and killed. By luck I jumped out between bursts into their rising blood. Cold and soaking wet, I caught up to Gibby...the first burst went through his back pack. He turned his head grinning at me and said, "that was close, Dougie."...the next burst killed him."

In a mad dash three riflemen reached the main pillbox. Using their grenades and Sten-guns, and firing through the gun slits, they destroyed the defenders within. Lieutenant Herbert, Lance-Corporal Tessier and Riflemen Chicosk were awarded medals for their attack on the main pillbox. The remaining riflemen in ‘B’ Company outflanked the positions, broke through the beach defences and moved into the town. ‘A’ Company came under heavy machine gun fire as they moved into the town of Bernières. They advanced using fire and movement. Several soldiers would stay firm, providing covering fire while the others would move up to the front. Once they were in position and ready with covering fire, the others would come up. By 8:45, ‘A’ Company had taken the road through the village at its southwest point. ‘B’ company also advanced into the town and by 9:00 Bernières was secured.

The Fort Garry Horse DD tanks landed shortly after the infantry and fired steadily at the German pillboxes and strong-points from their beach positions. After the AVRE's were able to clear a beach exit, the Fort Garry tanks moved up from the beach and into the town around 9:30. The QOR moved to their 'Forming Up Place', reassembled into groups and moved out with the Fort Garry Horse tanks south towards Anguerny seven miles up the road. The Queen's Own reserve companies ‘C’ and ‘D’ landed at 8:45 and suffered heavy casualties when half of their LCA´s hit underwater mines on the run in. ‘C’ and ‘D’ Companies advanced making a flanking movement on their objective. Early in the afternoon, ‘C’ and ‘B’ companies captured Anguerny. ‘D’ Company advanced to take the village of Anisy.

The Queen's Own Rifles had the highest casualties among the Canadian regiments with 143 killed, wounded or captured. Despite the painful price, the QOR had succeeded in securing its D-Day objective seven miles inland.

Internet History

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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June 1944

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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In the story above it mensions the mortar fire, they would have all come from the

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The two

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2 x Vf.69 mortar Tobruk plan.

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1 x 8.14cm mortar in field possition.

Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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Wn28 Bernières-sur-Mer

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