Wn29 Courseulles

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Wn29 Courseulles

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The small port of Courseulles-sur-Mer is on both sides of the river Seulles. There are three defences in the StP Gruppe Courseulles, Wn29, Wn30 and StP31. Here we cover Wn29.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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Wn29 Courseulles

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Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/433

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Wn29 Courseulles

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This model was captured by the Canadians at the Marie in the centre of the town. It was used as a training aid for the troops stationed in the area. Models have always been used by military people, they allow you to understand an area far better than photos. Every bunker and building would be here so that the new soldiers arriving could be shown what is around their particular area. A lot if the German Infantry could not even speak German, so this would have been used by the Officers and NCO's to explain their duties.

On some of the large ships bringing the Allied infantry across, they actually carried models for the landing troops to look at and get used to the area they were attacking.

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R669 casemate.

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8.8cm Pak 43/41.

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5cm KwK L/42.

Wn29 Courseulles

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Plan

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Wn29 Courseulles

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6./736 Inf. Reg., 719 Inf. Div.
2 x R669 casemates.
1 x 623 casemate.
1 x 668 group shelter.
4 x Vf58c Tobruk's.
1 x Nr1694 ringstand for 5cm KwK.
2 x Ic116 mortar Tobruk's.
1 x Pilz Nr1959 Pillbox.
2 x Vf8 Tobruk's.
1 x Geschützstellung for 7.5cm.
1 x 7.5cm F.K.16n.Art. Field Kannon.
1 x 8.8cm Pak 43/41.
1 x 5cm KwK 38 L/42.

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668 group shelter for six men.

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Vf8 Tobruk.

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Pilz.

Wn29 Courseulles

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09 March 2013

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Wn29 Courseulles

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The view of the beach today, there are very few items left from WW2, most were removed and then a lot of building has taken place in last few years.

Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles

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The view down the beach. The defended area is actually quite small about half of what you see here.
An 8.8cm gun facing in the far distance and a 7.5cm F.K.16n.Art. Field Kannon pointing this way.

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8.8cm Pak 43/41.

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7.5cm F.K.16n.Art. Field Kannon.

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R669 shelter for about nine men.

Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles
Station

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In the town is the Cinema, but originally it was the Grand Railway Station. This is where trains from Caen arrived in the holiday season delivering hundreds of families arriving for their Vacances.

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Gare de Courseulles-sur-Mer.

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Bridge over the Seulles, Courseulles-sur-Mer

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Hotel de Paris next door. Gaby postcard.

Wn29 Courseulles

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1944

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Wn29 Courseulles
Station

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The station just after D-Day seems to be used as a lorry park.

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Chemins de fer.

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Chemins de fer.

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Chemins de fer.

Wn29 Courseulles

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09664 RS

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Wn29 Courseulles
Construction

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The construction List for Wn29 Courseulles showing the build numbers and the type numbers of bunkers and a lot of other detail.

Plantivaud und Manfredini  
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Plantivaud et Manfredini were a French building company?.

Manfredini and Plantivaud were two construction companies that disappeared after the war. I read in a book on Saint-Aubin-sur-Mer that the blockaus of WN 27 were built by a masonry company in Luc-sur-Mer. This business has also disappeared. After the liberation of France, those who worked for the Germans had to prove that they did it under duress. Otherwise, they were in big trouble! Thank you Jean-Piere for this local information.

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French construction workers in Paris 1930.

Wn29 Courseulles

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18 July 2019

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Wn29 Courseulles
Le Port

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Plan.

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Fishermen

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Wn29 Courseulles

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18 July 2019

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Wn29 Courseulles
Memorial

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Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles
5cm KwK 38 L/42

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Festungspak 5 cm Kampfwagenkanone 38 L/42 was a German 50 mm calibre cannon used as the main armament of variants of the German Sd.Kfz. 141 Panzerkampfwagen III medium tank during the Second World War. (Wiki). Now redundant they carried on making them and hundreds were used in the Atlantikwall as anti landing craft/tank gun.

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Plan.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/433

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Wn29 Courseulles
5cm KwK 38 L/42

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From the Special Observer Party records. They followed the advance looking at fortifications and weaponry. 06/09/1944.

Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles
5cm KwK 38 L/42

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Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles
5cm KwK 38 L/42

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Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles
5cm KwK 38 L/42

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Wn29 Courseulles

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IWM

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Wn29 Courseulles
5cm KwK 38 L/42

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Post action painting.

Wn29 Courseulles

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Post Card

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Wn29 Courseulles
5cm KwK 38 L/42

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Wn29 Courseulles

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WO 252/149 Northern France Check Reconnaissance.

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Wn29 Courseulles
5cm KwK 38 L/42

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You can see the gun set very low down in the concrete and making a difficult target, but for that, the gun was still hit quite a few times.

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HMS Warspite.

Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles
Vf8

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Vf8 Tobruk.

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Plan.

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Vf8 Tobruk.

Wn29 Courseulles

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Post Card

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Wn29 Courseulles
Vf8

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Vf8 Tobruk.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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MKB Bunkertour

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Wn29 Courseulles
Vf8

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Vf8 Tobruk.

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MKB Bunkertour.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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WO 252/149 Northern France Check Reconnaissance.

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Wn29 Courseulles
Vf8 Tobruk + Ringstand

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The redundant ringstand for a 7.5cm F.K.16n.Art. Field Kannon. An R669 casemate was built in front designed especially for holding a Field Kannon. But an 8.8cm Pak 43/41 seems to have arrives, so it is used instead.
These guns in StP's & Wn's were issued out and used either by the infantries heavy weapons Platoon, or just re trained Infantry men. A Company would be designated an area to defend and then weapons & bunkers gradually added. They would need crewing, so the men then would to be re trained into using the new weapons & fighting bunkers.

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7.5cm F.K.16n.Art.

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The size of the round going into the gun.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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WO 252/149 Northern France Check Reconnaissance.

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Wn29 Courseulles
Quay

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The port 1945. I think the concrete block and steel centre pin was an anti ship cable that went across the harbour entrance.

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Port defence.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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Post Card --------------------------------------------- Internet

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669 casemates, 58c Tobruk

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Top       : This is an R669 casemate which was designed for a Field Kannon

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bottom : A Vf58c Tobruk.

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Plan.

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Air photo showing a concrete wall protecting the entrance into the Vf58c Tobruk.

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Tobruk.

Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669 casemates, 58c Tobruk

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As you see absolutely nothing left.

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Plan.

Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669 casemates

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The rear door of the R669 casemate, made in Formstein concrete block.

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Betonformstein nach Brändlein-Hellstern.
Concrete block according to Brändlein-Hellstern.

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Reinforcement.

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Betonformstein.

Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669 casemates

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Now looking the other way.

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Plan.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/487 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ DEFE 2/487

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669 casemate for a field gun with 60°

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Top : An R669 was designed for a field gun and not an anti-tank gun. Behind the casemate was a circular emplacement for a 7.5cm Field Kannon, the same type that is in the other R669 at the far end of the beach. When guns were issued, probably a 7.5cm batterie was being up graded to more modern guns and the old guns were re-issued to the 6./736 Inf. Reg., 719 Inf. Div. for beach defence. So that is why they had two field guns and then two corresponding casemate (R669's).
Two were issued here and two to StP31 over the river. Then as time passed an 8.8cm Pak 43/41 became available and that was issued here to Wn29 and the 7.5cm field gun removed. So that is probably why the 8.8cm Pak is sitting in a casemate designed for a 7.5cm Field Kannon.

 

 

 

 

 

Bottom : The embrasure with the 8.8cm Pak 43/41's long barrel sticking out. The casemate received a lot of damage on the sea-side wall, at 2 meters thick, it survived very well. The crew would have been quite traumatised, but they still put up a good fight. There was nowhere to retreat.

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R669 casemate plan for a 60° arc of fire and a flanking wall to protect the embrasure from direct fire.

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Ammunition types.

Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/430 Prof Bernals Photographs

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669 casemates

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Top       : You can see the amount of hits on this casemate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bottom : A small anti-tank wall was built across a vulnerable part of the beach.

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Plan.

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Cutting up the tank wall.

 

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The flanking wall and the anti-tank wall.

Wn29 Courseulles

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WO 252/149 Northern France Check Reconnaissance.

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Wn29 Courseulles
Beach front houses, R669 casemates

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The damage of war to a beautiful seaside town.

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Plan.

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Vf8 Tobruk covering the beach.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles

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Plan.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/433

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Wn29 Courseulles
Along the front

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A Vf8, a Pilz, and an Ic116.
The main picture is a Tobruk and I think it may be the Vf8. Then a Pilz. Pilz are a concrete pillbox with three rifle, machine gun embrasures and a door at the rear and then an Ic116 Tobruk for a heavy machine gun.

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Plan.

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Pilz.

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Pilz from above..


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Ic116.

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Ic116 from above.

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Ic116.

Wn29 Courseulles

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WO 252/149 Northern France Check Reconnaissance.

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Wn29 Courseulles
The beach

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Looking along the beach, several Tetrahedra, Belgian gate and barbed wire. The railway engine shed and beyond the second R669 casemate.

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Plan.

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Tetrahedra.

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Belgian gate.

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Vf small bunker/shelter.

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Another Vf shelter showing the trench system.

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Laying mines.

Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/433

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Wn29 Courseulles
Tobruk

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The Tobruk has been damaged and was one of these beach defences.

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Vf8 Tobruk covering the beach.

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Tobruk.

Wn29 Courseulles

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Gaby post card

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Wn29 Courseulles

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Steam from the railway engine. It is said that it was steaming up on D-Day morning.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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WO 252/149 Northern France Check Reconnaissance.

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Wn29 Courseulles
The Beach front

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Top       : Lamp post on the right has a bullet scar on it, a balloon to try and stop low level air attack. Some landing craft unloading.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bottom :  Beach troops with white rings around their helmets looking at three Goliath remotely controlled tanks. There were two types, electrically powered Sd.Kfz. 302and the petrol-engine powered Sd.Kfz. 303aand303b. But the very heavy bombing and shelling damaged their controls and they became inoperative. In fact I am not sure any were ever used.
The idea was to drive them underneath an advancing tank and then blow the Goliath and destroy the tank. A few Infantrymen would be placed in charge of these vehicles. They would need a lot of maintaining and constantly started up and keep them serviceable. When the bombing & shelling finished. The remote control units failed due to being shaken about.

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Plan.

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Goliath garages made from wooden posts.

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Petrol engine.

Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles
Beach front today

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Wn29 Courseulles

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Post card

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669 & R623

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Plan.

Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/430 Prof Bernals Photographs

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669 + Vf58c

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Top     : Probably taken around 1945 showing the camouflage roof beams still on the bunker and the paint/camouflage. Some of the original beach front houses surviving. (They were removed around 1946/47).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Below : Post war and the roof beams & gun have all been removed. Still some barbed wire around.

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Plan.

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Plan.

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Gun room.

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Air photo of the Vf58c Tobruk with a small blast wall covering the entrance.

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Vf58c Tobruk.

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The R669 casemate with its original ringstand for the Field Kannon.

Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/430 Prof Bernals Photographs

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669 casemate for a field gun with 60°

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R669 casemate embrasure, The embrasure has bee made smaller by adding timber and what looks like earth. Also a very close hit on the left side. It just shows how strong these bunkers really were.
Inside the 7.5cm F.K.16 n.Art. Field Kannon. The beach party investigating the bunker.

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60° arc of fire.

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Gun room.

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Cleaning rods on the walls.

Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/430 Prof Bernals Photographs

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669 casemate for a field gun with 60°

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Top       : You can see the wood from the roof to make it look like a house.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bottom : looking at the 7.5cm F.K.16n.Art. Field Kannon. Nice camouflage.

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Plan.

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This is how it should have looked without the extra wood covering the embrasure.

Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/430 Prof Bernals Photographs

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669 casemate for a field gun with 60°

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Top       : Beach party sat down having five minuets with on the right a Rolly Polly. A bobbin to hold a flexible roadway, either canvas, Hessian or Coconut matting ?.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bottom : Post war.

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Chespale roadway.

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Rolly Polly bobbin laying a roadway.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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12 June 2017

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Wn29 Courseulles

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Plan.

Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/430 Prof Bernals Photographs

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Wn29 Courseulles
R996

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R996 from the south side showing the nice camouflage. The railway workers look as though they are getting the railway lines re laid.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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Post card

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669 rear

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The railway starting to move.

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Plan.

Wn29 Courseulles

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Internet

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Wn29 Courseulles
R669, R623 & 668 group shelter.

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What a group: -
R669 Casemate.
R668 Nine man shelter.
R623 Machine gun casemate with front plate.
Vf58c Tobruk.
Ic116 Tobruk for heavy machine gun..

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Plan.

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R669 Casemate.

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R668 Nine man shelter.

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R623 Machine gun casemate with front plate.

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Vf58c Tobruk.

imageIc116.

Wn29 Courseulles

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Internet

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Wn29 Courseulles
R623 Machine gun casemate with front plate.

Details

The side entrance viewed from here and the door to the defence Tobruk. In the front the machine gun embrasure.

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Gunner.

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Gun commander.

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Fitting a steel plate in a bunker.

Wn29 Courseulles

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Internet

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Wn29 Courseulles
R623 Machine gun casemate with front plate.

Details

Gun room, ammunition room, Crew room, gas lock, close combat embrasure.

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Inside.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/430 Prof Bernals Photographs

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Wn29 Courseulles
R623

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Rear entrance, then the door to the defence Tobruk. Made in Formstein as you can see from the concrete blocks.

Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/430 Prof Bernals Photographs

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Wn29 Courseulles
Officers Mess

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This was a bar for Officers in one of the bunkers, it looks as though a bit of a battle went on here.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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DEFE 2/430 Prof Bernals Photographs

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Wn29 Courseulles
Belgian Gate/Element 'C'

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Part of the beach defence, they could be placed on thier own or bolted together in a line to make an anti-tank wall.

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Three locked together.

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Or made as a road block.

Wn29 Courseulles

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June 1944

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Wn29 Courseulles
Juno Beach

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The 3rd Canadian Infantry Division landed in Normandy on D-Day with the Royal Winnipeg Rifles to attack StP31 and the Regina Rifles to take Wn29,

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Wn29 Courseulles

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1944

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Wn29 Courseulles

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A British tank Landing Craft arrives off Courceulles to off load.

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Plan.

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Wn29 Courseulles

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Wn29 Courseulles

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