StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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Information

Mont St-Frieux Complex.

Details

StP Mont De Terre, Battr.5./A.R.149.
StP Mont ST Frieux, Stab 1./H.K.A.R.1245. Stab II/Gren.Rgt.148.
StP Höhe 158, Mont St Frieux H.K.B. 4./H.K.A.B.1245. Flak.Abt.501.
StP Südostecke, Mont St Frieux est.

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17cm 18.

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8.8cm Flak 36.

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10 cm F14/19 (t).

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

Information

Mont St-Frieux Complex.

Details

A very powerful 'Stützpunkt Gruppe' situated on the top of several very high sand dunes between Hardelot-Plage and Dannes. There are many different types of bunkers and open gun emplacements, radars and lots of bomb craters.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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Information

StP Mont De Terre, Battr.5./A.R.149.
StP Mont ST Frieux, Stab 1./H.K.A.R.1245. Stab II/Gren.Rgt.148.
StP Höhe 158, Mont St Frieux H.K.B. 4./H.K.A.B.1245. Flak.Abt.501.
StP Südostecke, Mont St Frieux est.

Details

The red circle is where we visited.

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StP Mont De Terre, Battr.5./A.R.149.
6 x Vf59a Obs. post.
5 x Vf2a Group shelter.
1 x V556a Dressing station.
4 x Vf7a Ammunition bunker.
4 x Geschützstellung (open emplacement).
6 x Vf59a mortar Tobruk.
1 Vf/Peilstand (observation).
4 x 10cm le.F.H14/19(t) guns.

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StP Mont ST Frieux.
Stab 1./H.K.A.R.1245.
Stab II/Gren.Rgt.148.

5 x R668 casemates.
1 x R646 Water bunker.
1 x R657 Kitchen bunker.
1 x 658 Water bunker.
1 x R119 Battery commanders bunker.
1 x Vf.
3 x 2cm Flak 30.


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StP Höhe 158,
4./H.K.A.B.1245. Flak.Abt.501.
4 x R689 casemates.
2 x R135/SK Ammunition bunker.
1 x SK/Maschinen.
10 x Feldm/B Stellen.
4 x 17cm K.18.
3 x 8.8cm Flak 18.
1 x 3.7cm S.K.C/30 Flak.
1 x Würzburg See Riese Fu.MO214.

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StP Südostecke.
1 x Vf.
8 x R630 Machine gun casemates.
3 x R631 casemate for a 4.7cm Festungspak (t).
1 x R676 small casemate for a 4.7cm Festungspak (t).
1 x R620 Machine gun casemate with forward apron.
2 x R680 casemate for 7.5cm Pak 40 gun.
1 x R612 casemate for an assault gun.
1 x 7.5cm FK guns.
2 x 4.7cm Pak K.36(t).
2 x 7.5cm Pak 40 gun.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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Information

Mont St-Frieux Complex.

Details

Bombing. The red square is where we visited so you can see how large the site is.

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The area was heavily bombed from around D-day onwards.

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The RAF used their Lancaster, Halifax's and Sterling force. The USAAF their Flying Fortresses and Liberates also both air forces used medium bombers as well.

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Bombed bunker at Batterie Crisbeq in Normandy showing what bombing can do to a bunker.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Mont St-Frieux Complex.

Details

This is the road we drove up and Mont St-Frieux is the hill on the left side and Mont de Terre on the right. The R630 bunker is defending this way in.

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Plan.

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4 x R689 casemate for a 17cm K18 heavy artillery gun.

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4 x 17cm K18 heavy artillery gun.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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R630 machine gun casemate with an armoured plate.

Details

Here somebody has acquired many artifacts from the area around St Frieux and also along the coast and made a small free museum.

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Plan R630.

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StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Einmannbunker Splitterschutzzellen.
One man bunker splinter cell protection.

Details

A one man guard post that would protect the guard in an air-raid, he could duck inside. There would be just enough room for a wooden seat for him to sit on.
This type was made by the Todt organisation in France I believe.

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Ein betoniertes Wachhüschen.
A concrete guard house.

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The date it was made.

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Check point.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Einmannbunker Splitterschutzzellen.
One man bunker splinter cell protection.

Details

This model had a door again made of concrete and also could be bolted down on a ring of bolts to stop it being blown over by blast.

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Sentry.

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StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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R630 casemate.

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The large flanking wall covering the embrasure from fire from on the right flank where an attacker may have advanced.

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The flanking wall in action.

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Rommel is inspecting beach defences.

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Stripping a machine gun.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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R630 metal plate.

Details

The metal plates were all removed post war as war reparations. The French government allowed all Mayors to scrap metal within their boundaries and use the moneys to help repair their war torn villages/towns.

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Panzerschartenplatte is the red line set into the embrasure.

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7P7 metal plate.

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7P7 plan.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Tobruk steps.

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Plan.

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MG34 mounting for a Tobruk.

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StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Tobruk defence.

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Plan.

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Tobruk used in the anti-aircraft role.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Close combat defence.

Details

The metal plate has been removed and now replaced with a thin sheet.

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Close combat embrasure.

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442PO1 Close combat plate the type that may have been here.

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StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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R630 48/39.

Details

48/39 is the bunkers number.

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Plan.

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StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Steps down into the bunker.

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Another close combat defence covering the entrance.

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Plan.

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StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Close combat defence room.

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Plan.

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StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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A 434P01 heavy steel double door fittings.

Details

The close combat room was sealed off with a 434P01 heavy steel double door.

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Plan.

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A 434P01 door.

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A 434P01 door with the top door open.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Command cables.

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Command cables coming into the bunker connecting all the defence bunkers on the Mont so that a mutual defence between each bunker and the head quarters (Battle HQ?) could be run for their mutual support.

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Armoured cable.

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Bunker cable connections.

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Layout of a bunker telephone.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Gas lock.

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Plan.

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StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Crew room.

Details

Here is where the crew of about six men would live. Note the different colours on the far wall.
On the left is the emergency escape. On the floor is a fresh air pipe.

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Inside a bunker.

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Bunks.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Bei Gasgefahr verbindungsstück mit O herousnehmen Ruumfilter einsetzen.

Details

Not a very good translation but basically "In the event of a gas attack connect the rooms gas filter"

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Anti gas pump in action.

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Gas filters.
There were also a smoke filter in-case of fire.

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ALARM!!!!!

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Crew room.

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Close combat covering the entrance stares.

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Plan.

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StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Possibly a speaking tube connected to the Tobruk.

Details

kampfraum - Battle Space (Tobruk) speaking tube was connected to the Tobruk defence via a pipe set into the concrete when it was built.

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Sprachrohr (mouthpiece).

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A sprachrohr (mouthpiece) set into a Tobruk.

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Under construction.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Crew room.

Details

Escape tunnel.

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Plan.

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Shutters that closed off the escape.

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410P9 escape door now removed.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Ammunition room.

Details

Also the passage to the gun room, it was where spare ammunition would be stored and also a periscope fitted to help spot for the machine-gun.

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Pistol ammunition box.

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Ammunition boxes for machine gun belts.

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Mg34 tool kit.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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The periscope hole.

Details

The tube where the periscope fits through.

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Bunker periscopes.

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The view.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Periscope hole.

Details

Almost managed to get the focus correct.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Gun room.

Details

A 19P7 door was fitted here a thin steel gas tight model.

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A 19P7 door.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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The gun room.

Details

Under attack this would be a very busy room.

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Mg34.

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Plan.

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Crew of a bunkers gun in similar type of bunker.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Gun room.

Details

The steel plate was removed at the end of the war but its now been bricked up

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7P7 plate.

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How it may have looked inside.

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A closer look.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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The view.

Details

A large anti-tank ditch zig zagged through the fields from the far trees, across the front and off to the left side.

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Plan.

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Anti-tank ditch.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Zuluftleitung - Air supply.

Details

Bringing in air from outside and being filtered by the hand turned filtration pump and then distributed around the bunker making the bunker slightly higher pressure stopping any ingress of gas that may be around and filtering the gases out.

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Gas pump filter.

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Gas mask and box that all German troops carried.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Crew room.

Details

Where the crew lived with bunk beds hanging from the walls, a gas filter pump, a stove to keep them warm in winter and cupboards for their personal kit.

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Bunker cupboards.

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Crew.

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StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Moving outside.

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Beach defences.

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Beach defences.

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Putting in beach defences. The infantry platoons in the beach side defences worked very hard putting items like this type and wooden posts topped with teller mines, etc.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Concrete military road.

Details

We did climb the fence and go inside. This area is strictly closed to the public and an area of hunting. Wild Boar roam freely as do wild Highland cattle. In the summer there are ticks.
This was Autumn so at least no Ticks. We should not have BUT well an old fool is always an old fool. We entered and found a couple of bunkers but then decided better to leave. It would be nice to have an arranged tour of the area run by a local historian. Perhaps one day.

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Plan

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The yellow roads on the plan are nearly all concrete roads probably built by the Todt organisation or even army engineers.

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Todt workers.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Continuing in on the Military road.

Details

This is a beautiful area, full of wildlife and in the Autumn, Toadstools. This area is made up of large sand dunes now covered with a thin layer of grass and pine trees.

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Delivering food.

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Opel Blitz.

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StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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The first bunker that we found.

Details

An R668 small six man bunker and may have a Tobruk? Numbered 60/50. The first bunker on the right of the road would be a Wellblech but we did not find it.
We started to enter the 668 BUT there was a awful smell.

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Plan.

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R668 plan.

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Six men.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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The next is a rare one for me an R657 56/59 a two kitchen bunker.

Details

Again we did not enter and now I kick myself for not doing that as I have never seen inside one.

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R657 a two kitchen bunker.
Clockwise: -
Crew room.
Ventilation.
Store.
Kitchen.

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Field kitchen.

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Field kitchen with troops gathering around to collect their dinner.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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R657 with the entrance.

Details

Two field kitchens could be wheeled in and their chimneys connected up and then potatoes peeled.

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Store man.

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He liked the food.

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Spud peeling a soldiers main occupation before training and fighting.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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A last look at the field kitchen bunker.

Details

 

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You cans see how many bunkers are just in this area.

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StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Now we are heading south the R630 arrowed.

Details

Between here and the R630 there was an anti-tank ditch zig zagging across the fields.

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The green line is the anti-tank ditch.

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Anti tank ditch on Omaha Beach.

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This is the actual anti-tank ditch taken on a reconnaissance mission in 1944.

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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This is another road onto the Mont.

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The roads on the Mont.

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R689 casemate camouflaged up on the hill..

StP Gruppe Mont St-Frieux.

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23 October 2014

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Toadstool.

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