StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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6., Grenadier-Regiment 919
1 x R634 bunker.
1 x R668 six man bunker.
1 x R621 group shelter.
1 x R612 casemate.
1 x R667 casemate.
1 x Bf58c Tobruk.
1 x Wellblech.
1 x Doppel M.G. Stand.
4 x Pz.Drehturm Tobruks.
3 x APX R R35 3.7cm KwK144 (f) m M.G.311(f).
1 x APX 1 CE S35 4.7cm KwK(f) m M.G.311(f).
1 x 7.5cm F.K. LAG.
1 x 5cm KwK L/60.
1 x 150cm Searchlight.
4.Kp./Bau.Pi.Bt1.59. constructors.


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R612.

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R667 casemate.

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R634 in Mirror.

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R668 bunker.

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4.Kp./Bau.Pi.Bt1.59 Pioneer constructors Kompany.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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This is where I think StP16 starts, its very hard interpreting old photos, road layouts/houses re built and then & now photos. A lot has changed in the intervening years. Where the red car is, is possibly the spot where the Bf.67 neu Tobruk with an APX R R35/H35 3.7cm KwK 144(f) with a coaxial M.G.311(f) tank turret may have stood. Behind it an R667 casemate for a 5cm KwK L/60 Pak.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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L´Abbè Elie LEROY bullet ridden statue.

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Germans very well dug in.

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The Americans attacking.

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Sherman.

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Plan.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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1947 Geo

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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This is a plan of the StP showing where the defences are & were. There are still quite a lot to fine and I feel that´s the fun of searching here, several of the Tobruks, the old French fort, the R634 & R621 plus other smaller items.

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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ADM 199/1609 Tactical Targets Cherbourg 30 October 1943

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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An air photo of the coast taken in 30 October 1943 but re issued in April 1944. ´c´ is where the R621 group shelter and the R612 casemate for an assault gun look as though they are under construction. ´d´ is the northern edge of Wn14.
You can also see the R634 at the fort is being built.

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A target for Marauders on D-Day.

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R634 at the fort.

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Photo reconnaissance Spitfire.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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ADM 199/1609 Tactical Targets Cherbourg 30 October 1943

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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The details gleaned from the Allied Intelligence air photos and spies.
1 x Casemate.
4 x Pillboxes.
3 x Shelters.
Positions on the north side of Fort St. Marcouf (Fort Pongibaud).

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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WO file

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud South Flank

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APX R35/H35 turret on a Tobruk with beach obstacles, an anti-tank wall, the R667 casemate and behind a searchlight emplacement.

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5cm KwK L/60.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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1947 Geo

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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First there was the Bf.67 neu Tobruk with a 3.7cm and M.G.311 and behind an R667 casemate for a 5cm KwK L/60 gun.

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Plan.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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WO file

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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APX R R35 37mm KwK 144 (f) coaxial M.G.311 (f).

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APX R R35 37mm KwK 144 (f) coaxial M.G.311 (f)

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37mm shell.

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Bf.67neu Tobruk with an R35 tank turret.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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WO 205/5194 file

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Czech Steel Hedge Hog beach defence.

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Possibly the 4.Kp./Bau.Pi.Bt1.59. putting in beach defences along this coast.

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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R-9751-2 Report on German Concrete Fortifications Sept/Oct 1944 Page35

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Details of this R35 tank turret.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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R-9751-2 Report on German Concrete Fortifications Sept/Oct 1944 Page96

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Details of an R35 tank turret set into an anti-tank wall..

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Shape and design of an anti-tank wall here.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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1944

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Casemate R667 with flanking wall for a 5cm KwK L/60 gun.

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Shape and design of an anti-tank wall here.

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5cm KwK L/60 gun.

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R667 casemate elevation.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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R-9751-2 Report on German Concrete Fortifications Sept/Oct 1944 Page189

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Report on German Concrete Fortifications was a coming together of all forms of intelligence about the beaches and their defence. This shows an after battle picture of the 5cm KwK here with its shield very badly damaged.

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R-9751-2 Report on German Concrete Fortifications.

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R667 plan.

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R667 elevation.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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08/07/45

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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150cm Searchlight with a camouflage roof. Search lights were being introduced into all the defences and it was not uncommon for two to be be at some Wn defences. These would be used to search out night time targets for the guns in the Wn or for artillery inland, they were not really used as anti-aircraft roll as most had roofs on as camouflage.

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150cm Searchlight.

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The searchlight roof in an earlier photo.

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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10 May 2008

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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R668 small six man bunker. This bunker would have been for the crew of the tank turret, R667 casemate and the searchlight, probably where they could go for meals and as a small command post for the southern flank of the defence.

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R668 small six man bunker.

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I am not sure but I think these are aerial protective mountings and the third may be a chimney for the fire.

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Aerial slot plan.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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10 May 2008

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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R668 small six man bunker. Not a very big bunker for all the men around here but there was a Wellblech shelter around here and that may have been used. Men were also billeted in houses fronting the beach and farms. They may have had cellars that could be made bomb proof..

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R668 small six man bunker.

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A bunker stove WT80K.

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Heating inside a bunker.

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Inside a Wellblech shelter..

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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10 May 2008

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud R668 bunker

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Bullet scar marks on the north side.

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Sherman in action.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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10 May 2008

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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R668 small six man bunker. Note a concrete anti tank wall added on this side for extra protection.

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Command telephones.

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Plan.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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R668 small six man bunkers escape. Most crew/living bunkers had an escape of a small tunnel through the wall and then a set of steps up and out.

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R668 small six man bunkers escape.

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Plan of the escape.

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The two types of emergency escape.

 

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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10 May 2008

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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APX R R35 3.7cm KwK144 (f) co-axle m M.G.311(f).

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Details2

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The tank the turret was taken from.

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Reibel m M.G.311(f) machine gun.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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10 May 2008

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Looking north Another 3.7cm French turret as the same as the last one may be a cut down Bf.67 neu Tobruk.

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How it looked.

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The turret ring would have been bolted on to the bunker.

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Turret ring.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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10 May 2008

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Looking south

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A bolt that would hod it down.

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The thread today.

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Plan.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Plan of the bunker and dimensions. The emplacements are stated as Bf.67 neu Tobruk but I feel that they were a local design built here. They seem smaller than a Bf.67 neu Tobruk and do not have the ammunition space and storage at the rear that a Bf.67 neu Tobruk would have had??

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Fort Pongibaud and the R634 bunker inside the red square.
Fort Pongibaud is a French fort built to keep the English out. There are many old forts all along this coast.

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And this is the R634 plan

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R634 elevation.

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Inside the turret.


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The fort and the bunker.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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10 May 2008

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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R635 six embrasured turret bunker. The dome had two machine guns able to be then cover 360°. Two fortress mounted M.G.34 would have been used.

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20P7 six embrasure turret.

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Crew room.

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Ventilation.

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Close combat defence.

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Observation.

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Gas lock.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Film

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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20P7 steel dome set into the concrete allows 360° machine gun cover by moving the gun into one of the six embrasures.

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20P7 not placed in a bunker.

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20P7 cupola.

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20P7 inside.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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R-9751-2 Report on German Concrete Fortifications Sept/Oct 1944 Page190

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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This picture shows a 20P7 dome after the battle hit many times by 3” shells. A 3” shell is a 75mm Sherman's main gun.

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75mm Sherman Tank.

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A 75mm Sherman armoured piercing shell.

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Plan.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Plan

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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20P7 dome six embrasure. On three levels, a periscope where the guns commander could spot for the machine gunner, other crew members would carry forward boxed ammunition and brush away spent cartridges or empty a spent cartridge bag. Another crew member would turn the handle on a fan to remove the foul gasses made by the machine gun. So in the heat of battle a lot would be going on.

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Plan R634 close combat defence.

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Close combat embrasure.

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Ventilation.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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10 May 2008

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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The dome fitted into the large circle on the roof, now removed for scrap.

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20P7 dome would have fitted down into the bunker and just the embrasures showing..

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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10 May 2008

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Close combat and entrance.

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Yellow - Close combat embrasure.
Red ----- rear entrance.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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10 May 2008

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Around the back of the bunker along the fence line are many Eisenpfahel [iron stake]. Barbed wire would be attached along here to cover the rear flank of the StP.

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Eisenpfahel [iron stake].

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Barbed wire.

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Eisenpfahel [iron stake].

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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10 May 2008

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Barbed wire still in place.

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Plan.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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APX 1 CE S35 4.7cm KwK(f) m M.G.311(f).
This was a slightly larger calibre gun and would have given the defence a bit more fire power.

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Plan.

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I think this is an S35 4.7cm R35/H35 turret.

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Plan of the Tobruk.

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Quineville turret.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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This is a 4.7cm model APX R R35/H35 tank turret.

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Details2

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4.7cm gun.

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Co-axle Reibel machine gun.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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The lumps on the wall were concrete to hold Eisenpfahel [iron stake] into the wall and then thread barbed wire around them.

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Machine gun stand.

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M.G.34.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Machine gun stand, they would have had access via a tunnel or trench from behind..

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Plan.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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R621 group shelter.

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R621 shelter.

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R621 with two extra walls flanking walls.

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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R621 group shelter.

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Plan.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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R621 group shelter rear with the entrance into the observation post, then the two entrances into the bunker and a small niche on the far side..

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R621 group shelter.

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4.Kp./Bau.Pi.Bt1.59 Pioneer constructors Kompany.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud R621 group shelter

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Steel steps leading up into the observation post..

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Observer with an M.G.34.

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Steal steps.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud R621 group shelter

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The left hand entrance showing the close combat defence and a niche for either a light switch or a speaking tube..

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Bunker light switch.

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Speaking tube.

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Telephone relay box.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud R621 group shelter

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Two of the four aerial fittings still with their steel screwed on protective troops. As this bunker has its steal tops on, aerials may not have been fitted. The way to check if aerials have been fitted is to look inside the bunker at the aerial fittings and look for an earth strap. If the strap is in place then usually the aerial would have been fitted.

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Aerial fittings.

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Aerial in situ in a bunker.

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Small radio set.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud R612

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This is where the R612 would have sat and have been aimed to fire up the beach. A 7.5cm LAG inside (Landungs Abwehr Geschuetz [Landing Defence gun]).

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Plan.

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R612 inside.

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Gun room.

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Plan of an R612.

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7.5cm LAG in an open emplacement.

StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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12 June 2017

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StP16 Hameau du Nord - Fort Pongibaud

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Anti-tank wall.