StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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I had some time free on my journey back from Berck Plage and I decided to call in to the Torpedo Bunker at Boulogne. On the drive to the docks, StP231 could be seen from the road.

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MG/Observation.

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Tobruk.

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5cm KwK L/60.

StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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German plan

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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The southern side of Festung Boulogne is StP231 Salbei, ridge line plateaux running from let to right with a light defences along the top to cover the old railway line and tunnel to Outreau.

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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RAF air photo PRU Neg N°29010

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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6 x Vf58c Tobruks
1 x Vf/MG Schnabelstand (Observatory).
1 x 5cm KwK L/60 Pak.
1 x 2.5cm Pak 112(f).
1 x 3.7cm Pak 36.
1 x 7.62cm F.K.295(r).

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How the 5cm KwK L/60 may have looked up on the hill.

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7.62cm F.K.295(r) captured Russian gun used here.

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3.7cm Pak 36 anti-tank gun.

StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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26 January 2020

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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The ridge line that StP231 sits along. Ground level is the old railway line.

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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26 January 2020

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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Continuing along the low ridge with a railway tunnel that runs to Outreau railway station.

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A French train entering a camouflaged tunnel.

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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26 January 2020

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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Machine gun observation.

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Plan.

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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26 January 2020

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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Machine gun observation.

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Plan.

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MG42.

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MG34 parts.

StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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26 January 2020

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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A second MG observation.

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Stripping the gun.

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MG08 type.

StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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26 January 2020

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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A second MG observation.

StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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26 January 2020

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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I noticed something else maybe another Tobruk. There are supposed to be six here somewhere.

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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26 January 2020

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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The railway tunnel to Outreau station and a Tobruk defence above it.

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Plan.

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58c Tobruk plan.

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This is the part the gunner stands in.

StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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26 January 2020

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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The railway Tobruk.

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Elevation of a Tobruk.

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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Geoportail

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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The railway Tobruk from a reconnaissance air photo showing the Tobruk and what looks like a Tobruk's wooden cover.

 

 

 

 

 

Here is a Tobruk showing the gunner adjusting the machine gun and a piece of old corrugated tin used to cover his Tobruk. (Somewhere on the Atlantikwall).

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Tobruk under construction.

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Tobruk cutaway.

StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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26 January 2020

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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To the right of the tunnel entrance are two small buildings, they may or may not be anything to do with the defence?

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Alarm.

Glengarry and bonnet badge of the  Highland Light Infantry of Canada

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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THE HIGHLAND LIGHT INFANTRY OF CANADA advance                                                   General Heim


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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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The last major resistance in Boulogne was at the two fortresses at Le Portel on the Outreau peninsula. An ultimatum calling for prompt surrender was delivered by loudspeakers and the northern fort's garrison marched out to surrender to the HLI shortly before the ultimatum's deadline expired. This left the southern fort, where General Heim was quartered and which continued firing. Armour, including flame-throwers, was brought forward and the German garrison destroyed their guns; a cease-fire came into force at 16:17. At 16:30, Heim was reported as captured and en route to brigade headquarters.

In August 1944, Heim returned to command German forces at the "fortress" of Boulogne, a "defend to the last" assignment. He was instructed to prepare significant defences but he arrived to find that nothing had been prepared and there were no suitable specialists to do the work. The ill-prepared and ill-suited garrison endured heavy bombardment and full-scale assaults and Heim surrendered to the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division on 23 September 1944

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Glengarry and bonnet badge of the  Highland Light Infantry of Canada


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Fighting through gardens.

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Clearing bunkers.

StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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26 January 2020

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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Two small buildings, they may or may not be anything to do with the defence?

StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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26 January 2020

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StP231 Salbei Ave Maria

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StP229 Stechpalme out on the end of the Caisson Digue Carnot.